Reports, Papers, Journal Articles

Since 1979, observations of monarch butter y (Danaus plexippus L.) in Sonora, Mexico have been low. There are 10 records of monarchs breeding in Sonora on Asclepias curassavica, A. lemmonii, A. linaria, and A. subulata (Apocynaceae).

In July-August, monarchs from the Canelo-Hereford area in Arizona y to the Río San Pedro, Sonora, south to the Cananea area, and then in the Río Sonora through central Sonora to Hermosillo and the Gulf of California. From the Río Sonora, they move up…

Reports, Papers, Journal Articles

The New World tropics reaches its northern limit in Sonora, not as often stated at the Tropic of Cancer (23.37°N) just north of Mazatlán, Sinaloa. The northernmost tropical deciduous forest (TDF) is in Sonora (28.6˚N), 680 kilometers north-northwest of Mazatlán and 300 km south of the Arizona border.

The Sierra Madre Occidental (SMO) in northeastern Sonora reaches its northern limit in the Sierra de Huachinera (30.25°N; Fig. 1). Between the SMO and the Mogollon Rim in central Arizona…

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Reports, Papers, Journal Articles

Natural landscapes have distinctive personalities. Each is the product of the interplay of geology, climate, vegetation, time, and often, human activities. The landscapes that form the Santa Catalina Mountains of southeastern Arizona give that range a unique personality like no other in the American Southwest.

Rising as a great mountain island to over 9000 feet in elevation at their summit, Mount Lemmon, the Santa Catalina Mountains are the greatest expanse of high country within the…

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Rio Altar near Oquitoa, Sonora around 2013. The Rio Altar is the westernmost Sonoran creek with perennial water, until the Rio Sonoyta, which has very little, if any, perennial water left.

This valley has had small-scale agriculture for many decades, but recently started seeing huge nut tree farms by big ag, which could spell doom for the surface water and groundwater, and potentially some of the riparian gallery forests as well. There are still large stretches of cottonwood and…

Reports, Papers, Journal Articles

I measured bird abundance and richness along the upper San Pedro River in 2005 and 2006 to investigate how beavers (Castor canadensis) may act as ecosystem engineers after reintroduction to a southwestern U.S. desert riparian area. In areas where beavers colonized, I found higher bird abundance and richness of bird groups such as all breeding birds, insectivorous birds, and riparian specialists, and higher relative abundance of many individual species—including several avian species…

Reports, Papers, Journal Articles

The relationship between people and wildfire has always been paradoxical: fire is an essential ecological process and management tool, but can also be detrimental to life and property. Consequently, fire regimes have been modified throughout history through both intentional burning to promote benefits and active suppression to reduce risks. Reintroducing fire and its benefits back into the Sky Island mountains of the United States-Mexico borderlands has the potential to reduce adverse…

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